Difference between Alcohol and Phenol


Difference between Alcohol and Phenol

Distinguish, differentiate, compare and explain what is the Difference between Alcohol and Phenol. Comparison and Differences.

Difference between Alcohol and Phenol

S.No. Alcohol Phenol
1 Alcohol is an organic compound whose molecule contains one or more hydroxyl group attached to a carbon atom. Phenol is a compound consisting of a hydroxyl group bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
2 Alcohols are neural and don’t have any effect on litmus paper. Phenols are acidic and changes blue litmus paper to red.
3 Alcohols are basically a group of compounds. Phenol is basically a specific compound.
4 Alcohol Formula – R OH Phenol Formula – C6 H5 OH
5 Alcohol does not give any precipitation with bromine water. Phenol gives white precipitate with bromine water.
6 Aliphatic compound Aromatic compound
7 Alcohols are the derivatives of Alkane. Phenols are the derivatives of Benzene.
8 Alcohols do not react with NaOH. Phenol react with NaOH to form phenoxides.
9 Used in alcoholic beverages, pharmaceuticals, ink etc. Mainly used as antiseptic agents.
10 Density of alcohol is 789 kg / m3. Density of phenol is 1.07 g / cm3.
11 Lower alcohols are colorless liquids.3. Colorless crystalline deliquescent solids with melting point up to 41oC.
12 They have characteristics of sweet smell and burning taste. They have characteristics of phenolic order.

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