Distinguish, differentiate, compare and explain what is the difference between Series and Parallel Circuits.
Difference between Series and Parallel Circuits
|S.No.||Series Circuit||Parallel Circuit|
|1||Has one pathway.||May have two or more pathways.|
|2||Current is same anywhere in the circuit.||Current splits and passes through pathways and then adds up again.|
|3||The voltage is shared in ratio to resistance.||The voltage across each pathway is equal.|
|4||Resistance adds up and so less current draws in the circuit and battery last longer.||The total resistance is less than the least resistance, current drawn is less but the battery life is short.|
|5||If one bulb fuses than the circuit become incomplete.||If one bulb gets fuses still the circuit remains complete and the other bulb glows.|
|6||The brightness of the bulbs is less.||The brightness of the bulb is more.|
|7||Resistance Equivalent Req = R1 + R2 + R3 + ...... + Rn||Resistance Equivalent Req = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3 + ...... + 1/Rn|
Similarities between Series and Parallel Circuits
1. Both the circuits either series or parallel have the same aim of converting electrical energy into heat, sound etc.
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Similarities and Difference between Series and Parallel Circuits
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