Lets verify exterior angle property of a triangle. Class 9 Maths lab manual experiment and activities to conduct.
1. Cardboard sheet
2. Glazed papers
3. Geometry box
4. White chart paper
5. Tracing paper
Before verifying the exterior angle property of a triangle pleas go through the topics of Straight angle and Exterior angle property of a triangle
For straight line refer to Activity 11.
For exterior angle property of a triangle refer to Activity 12.
1. Take a cardboard sheet of suitable size and by using adhesive, paste a white chart paper on it.
2. Cut out a ΔABC from a glazed paper and paste it on the cardboard as shown in the image below:
3. Now, produce the side BC of ΔABC to the point D; refer figure below
4. Cut out the pair of angles, ∠A and ∠B from the glazed paper by using a tracing paper, as shown below
5. Now, arrange the cut out angles as shown in the below image
From the last figure above,
∠ACD is an exterior angle.
∠A and ∠B are its two interior opposite angles.
The two cut out angles, ∠A and ∠B together completely cover ∠ACD. So, ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B.
Measure of ∠A = ........., and ∠B = ............, Sum of (∠A + ∠B) = ..........., and measure of ∠ACD = ..........., Therefore, ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B.
We have verified the exterior angle property of a triangle.
Many geometrical problems may be easily done, using this property of a triangle.
Question 1: What do you mean by the linear pair axiom?
Answer: If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180° and vice-versa. This property is known as linear pair axiom.
Question 2: What would be the measure of exterior angle for each vertex of equilateral triangle?
Answer: 120o (=60o+ 60o).
Question 3: Does an exterior angle of a triangle is smaller than either of its interior opposite angles?
Answer: No, an exterior angle of a triangle is greater than either of its opposite interior angles.
Question 4: If the exterior angle of a triangle is 90o, then what would be the opposite interior angles, supplementary or complementary?
Question 5: How would you define an exterior angle property of a triangle?
Answer: An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to sum of opposite interior angles.
Question 6: If the sum of interior opposite angles of a triangle is 130o, then what would be the measure of its exterior angle?
Answer: Sum of interior opposite angles = Exterior angle Exterior angle = 130o.
Question 7: What is the angle form by straight line?
Answer: The straight line always form a angle of 180o.
Question 8: What is the condition of exterior angle of a triangle?
Answer: The exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of opposite interior angles.
Question 9: What is the sum of exterior angles of a triangle?
Answer: We know that the sum of exterior angles of a polygon is always 360°. The sum of exterior angles of a triangle is 360o.